About the Module 4

Multinational enterprises (MNEs) are the titans of international business, acting as the primary drivers of trade and innovation in today’s interconnected world. These corporate giants operate as vast networks, with headquarters strategically placed in their home countries and subsidiaries stretching across the globe. Their success hinges on a remarkable ability to leverage this network. MNEs achieve this by dispersing productive activities across the value chain. They strategically locate different stages of production, from research and development to manufacturing and distribution, in the most cost-effective locations around the world. This allows them to take advantage of variations in labor costs, resource availability, and government regulations. However, the most important aspect is their ability to re-integrate these geographically dispersed activities. MNEs stitch together innovative outputs from various locations, creating a cohesive value proposition for global markets.

About the Faculty

Professor Ram Mudambi

Ram Mudambi is the Frank M. Speakman Professor of Strategy at the Fox School of Business, Temple University. He previously served on the faculties of the University of North Carolina – Chapel Hill, Case Western Reserve University, and the University of Reading (UK). He is a Fellow of the Academy of International Business (AIB) and the European International Business Academy (EIBA). His research focuses on the geography of innovation, with a recent emphasis on issues of migration, ethnicity, and gender. He is currently a Consulting Editor of the Journal of International Business Studies and the Journal of World Business, and an Area Editor of the Journal of International Business Policy. He previously served as a Co-Editor of the Global Strategy Journal.

His research has been published in major academic outlets including the Journal of Political Economy, Management Science, the Journal of Economic Geography, the Strategic Management Journal, and the Journal of International Business Studies. His articles for practicing managers have appeared in the Harvard Business Review, Sloan Management Review, and California Management Review. His media appearances include the New York Times, The Atlantic magazine, and numerous radio and TV programs including National Public Radio. He writes fiction under the pen name R.M. Burgess and has published 8 novels so far.